What is SPC Vinyl Flooring?

During your vinyl flooring search, you may have come across abbreviations, such as SPC, LVT and WPC. If you’re wondering what is SPC vinyl flooring, you’ve come to the right place!

SPC Vinyl Flooring stands for stone plastic composite vinyl flooring. SPC vinyl is an engineered luxury vinyl that combines limestone and stabilizers to create an extremely durable core. An SPC vinyl floor is still 100% waterproof, but adds stability, dent resistance and structure to vinyl plank flooring.

SPC Vinyl Flooring Construction:

E-SPC (ABA) structure

An SPC vinyl has several main layers.

  1. Wear Layer – The wear layer is the top coating on the vinyl floor that is transparent. This adds scratch and stain resistance to the vinyl plank.
  2. Vinyl Top Coat – Each SPC vinyl floor will have a thin layer of vinyl attached to it. This layer is waterproof and will contain the pattern, texture and look of the floor.
  3. SPC Core – The SPC core is made by combining limestone powder and stabilizers to create a dimensionally stable and waterproof core.
  4. Attached Underlayment – SPC vinyl floors may or may not come with attached underlayment. These are usually included to help with sound reduction and add softness to the floor.

Extrusion SPC Flooring:

From below structure photo, you would see the difference of extrusion SPC with previous ABA structure SPC.

Extrusion SPC is a little economic, as less production process involved, no more hot-pressing, it’s only one time extruding. Its price cheaper than ABA structure, so it’s widely used nowadays.


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